delegation highly appreciates your presence here today and I thank you very much
for convening this timely and important meeting and I join previous speakers in
welcoming you and Ministers Phil Goff and Michael Ambühl, the Deputy
Secretary-General Louise Frechette, as well as Mr. Wolfensohn’s statement.
is a traditional supporter of peace-building as an integral part of the United
Nation’s work, in particular of peacekeeping operations. President Lula has
been vocal in calling international attention to the fact that not only wars and
terrorism represent a threat to peace and security: poverty, hunger, infectious
diseases, under-education, under-development are all equally threatening. The
latter, in fact, are threatening to peace in two ways – by themselves and by
their role in feeding or refueling conflict. No set of sound policies can be
adopted in our Organization in the absence of concrete advances in
consideration should be given to transitional processes and hopefully it has now
become clear for us all that the international community cannot afford – be it
morally or financially – to allow countries to relapse into conflict. That is
why post-conflict peace-building is so crucial. Peace must be made sustainable
in the long term.
is fascinating to note how our discussions in different fora become increasingly
intertwined. If, for instance, we are to achieve the
Millennium Development Goals, including the reduction of hunger and poverty,
this will undoubtedly contribute to prevent conflict and its resurgence in many
countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, Africa or Asia. All these issues,
together with the need to reshape the Security Council in a way to better
reflect the international realities, will converge in the September summit.
assistance to countries fighting poverty and resurfacing from conflict is much
needed and must be stepped up. Beyond assistance, the international community
must also work together with the countries hosting peacekeeping operations to
enhance their capacity to produce wealth and to generate income and employment.
that larger context, the exploitation of natural resources is a crucial
question. Lately in this Organization the concept of building ownership in areas
such as security and rule of law has been in vogue, and rightly so. It seems to
my delegation that we have to be equally devoted to building ownership with
regards to the exploitation of natural resources: countries struggling with
intra-state conflicts or coming out of conflict are often rich in natural
resources, face difficulties exploiting and managing their resources to the best
interest of the people. This dimension should become a larger part of
peace-building efforts – and though it will not fall within the strict purview
of the Council to do it, its active support will certainly be needed.
we recall the idea that all our discussions on peace and security are
intertwined with the development agenda, it is never too much to stress that the
international system should reflect the same principles that are domestically
applauded: it must be democratic, from an economic standpoint. What we urgently
need is a development-oriented international trade system, free of barriers, so
that also countries coming out of conflict are given fair opportunity to
compete, in particular in the area of agriculture.
the more immediate areas of Security Council action, our vision for peacekeeping
operations must be expanded to include certain aspects of reconstruction and
reintegration of ex-combatants. We must increase our interest and efforts for
the development of quick impact projects that can provide economic occupancy, in
particular to ex-combatants, and within that group, to the youth and the women.
Those measures are to be taken either simultaneously with other peacekeeping
activities or start even before peacekeeping as such – as was the case in
Darfur. As you stated in your paper, for which we are thankful, Mr. President,
there is no “one size fits all” solution.
economic occupancy is a key element of peace-building. But it does not
exclusively mean creating jobs in labour-intensive enterprises, it may also be
obtained through capacity building for self-employment, small businesses or
craftsmanship. I would also like to reiterate, in that context, that special
attention should be given to women. Not only because of the horrifying crimes
committed against them in conflict situations, but also because they are a
powerful instrument of change, being the ones primarily able to pass on to their
children morals and ethical notions and better practical education, including
basic health practices. Assistance, support and capacity building targeted at
women are likely to make for enduring results.
conclude, Mr. President, I would like to make a reference to the
Secretary-General’s report In Larger Freedom. It has provided the basis
for many fundamental changes in the way we deal with crucial matters such as
peace, security, poverty, armed threats, human rights – from a conceptual as
well as from an institutional perspective. It is for us to seize the moment and
not shy away from our historical responsibilities. Brazil believes that the
Peace-Building Commission proposed by the Secretary-General is one of the many
important topics in that reform agenda.
adequate balance between the involvement of the Security Council and the ECOSOC
in its composition, as well as in its operation, and with active participation
of the interested country, it will be possible for such a Peace-building
Commission to achieve meaningful results in a short time. Appropriate
coordination among UN actors and the involvement of the international financial
institutions are equally essential and we welcome the important remarks made by
Mr. Wolfensohn in this regard. Brazil will work towards this objective and
trusts the General Assembly will approve the much needed reforms for this