First of all, I congratulate Ambassador Vassilakis for
assuming the Presidency of the Security Council for the month of July, and I am assured that we will have a productive
term. In addition, I extend compliments to Ambassador Jean-Marc de La Sablière for his very successful throughout a
demanding agenda during the month of June.
Brazil welcomes the First General Elections for President and Members of the House of Representatives of the
Autonomous Region of Bougainville, held from 20 May through 9
June 2005, and wish all the best to the new elected authorities.
It goes without saying that achieving the peace is certainly more difficult and challenging than winning a
conflict. In the case of Bougainville, we are happy to recognize that there are no winners and no losers.
The Autonomous Bougainville Government to be lead by President Joseph Kabui inaugurates a new phase in the
implementation of the Peace Agreement. We recognize the essential role played by the Government of Papua New Guinea
and the Bougainville leaders to solve their differences in a consistent and mutually acceptable manner.
We urge all those who freely chose not to participate, at this stage, in the electoral process to respect the
outcome of those free and fair elections. We invite all the Bougainvillians to join efforts to support the newly elected
Government in its peacebuilding initiatives.
On this occasion, we also pay special tribute to other international partners to a peaceful resolution of this
unfortunate conflict, namely the Commonwealth and the countries of the region, including the members of the Pacific
As recognized in the Presidential Statement adopted by the Security Council on 15 June, the experience of the United
Nations Observer Mission in Bougainville (UNOMB) and its
successor, the United Nations Political Office in Bougainville (UNPOB), constitute quite successful examples of
how the constitution of UN political missions extremely small, but that have clear mandates and benefit from the
acceptance of the local political actors, may provide an invaluable contribution to the peaceful resolution of
regional conflicts, in an efficient and effective manner, and should therefore be accounted as a success story and serve as
Brazil stresses its continuing support for the people of Bougainville and calls upon the international community, in
particular the international financial institutions, the
donor community and the United Nations specialized agencies to assist the local actors and the Government of Papua New
Guinea in the pursuit of their economic and social
development goals, which are essential for a sustainable peace in the region.