Open Debate on "The experience of the United 
Nations Observer Mission in Bougainville (UNOMB)"

Statement by Ambassador Henrique Valle

Deputy Permanent Representative of Brazil to the UN

 Security Council, New York, 06 July  2005 

First of all, I congratulate Ambassador Vassilakis for assuming the Presidency of the Security Council for the month of July, and I am assured that we will have a productive term. In addition, I extend compliments to Ambassador Jean-Marc de La Sablière for his very successful throughout a demanding agenda during the month of June. 

Brazil welcomes the First General Elections for President and Members of the House of Representatives of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, held from 20 May through 9 
June 2005, and wish all the best to the new elected authorities. 

It goes without saying that achieving the peace is certainly more difficult and challenging than winning a conflict. In the case of Bougainville, we are happy to recognize that there are no winners and no losers. 

The Autonomous Bougainville Government to be lead by President Joseph Kabui inaugurates a new phase in the implementation of the Peace Agreement. We recognize the essential role played by the Government of Papua New Guinea and the Bougainville leaders to solve their differences in a consistent and mutually acceptable manner. 

We urge all those who freely chose not to participate, at this stage, in the electoral process to respect the outcome of those free and fair elections. We invite all the Bougainvillians to join efforts to support the newly elected Government in its peacebuilding initiatives. 

On this occasion, we also pay special tribute to other international partners to a peaceful resolution of this unfortunate conflict, namely the Commonwealth and the countries of the region, including the members of the Pacific Islands Forum. 

Mr. President,

As recognized in the Presidential Statement adopted by the Security Council on 15 June, the experience of the United Nations Observer Mission in Bougainville (UNOMB) and its
successor, the United Nations Political Office in Bougainville (UNPOB), constitute quite successful examples of how the constitution of UN political missions extremely small, but that have clear mandates and benefit from the acceptance of the local political actors, may provide an invaluable contribution to the peaceful resolution of regional conflicts, in an efficient and effective manner, and should therefore be accounted as a success story and serve as future reference.

Brazil stresses its continuing support for the people of Bougainville and calls upon the international community, in particular the international financial institutions, the
donor community and the United Nations specialized agencies to assist the local actors and the Government of Papua New Guinea in the pursuit of their economic and social 
development goals, which are essential for a sustainable peace in the region. 

Thank you.