of the Council,
maintains strong historical ties with both Lebanon and Syria. We host a
community of ten million descendants of Lebanese and Syrian origin.
Lula has been keen in intensifying our dialogue with the Arab world through
initiatives such as the South American and Arab Countries Summit, held in
Brasilia last May. Issues such as the one we are discussing today touch us
of a concern with possible undue interference in a delicate internal situation
as well as with stability in the region, Brazil decided to abstain on Resolution
developments created a new and troubling scenario.
condemned in the strongest terms the 14th February terrorist attack
in Beirut, which caused the death of former Prime-Minister Rafiq Hariri and
other 22 innocent people.
international community was unanimous in its support for Resolution 1595, which
pledged assistance to the Lebanese authorities in their efforts to clarify the
circumstances of Rafiq Hariri's death. It is imperative that those responsible
for that crime be brought to justice.
commend the International Independent Investigation Commission, under the
leadership of Mr. Detlev Mehlis, for the serious work carried out in
establishing the facts related to the events of 14 February.
the report points out, the investigation is not yet complete. It is thus
most appropriate that the Council expresses its support for the decision by the
Secretary-General to extend the Commission's mandate until 15 December.
demand for greater cooperation by those who have not been forthcoming is
note, in this regard, that in recent days Syrian authorities have provided
assurances to this effect.
initial draft of the Resolution we have just adopted went beyond the scope of
the Commission's report. It did not include language that ensured respect for
the presumption of innocence, among other shortcomings.
would not have been in a position to support a text that sought to promote
objectives other than those strictly related to the investigation of the Hariri
number of our concerns have been dealt with in the revised draft. And we pay
tribute to the co-sponsors for having spared no effort to arrive to a consensus.
have voted in favor of this text on the understanding that any additional
measures can only be taken on the basis of a collective assessment by Council
members of the final conclusions by the Commission.
other words, Brazil considers that the references to Chapter VII of the UN
Charter neither imply nor authorize the application of measures against Syria in
the absence of a collective decision by the Council, based on a careful
evaluation of the facts.
present situation in the Middle East is marked by tension, on one hand, and
hopes for peace, on the other. Under such circumstances, the Council must
be guided by a sense of balance and realism.
decisions must reconcile a firm determination to bring to justice those
responsible for Prime Minister Hariri's assassination and the pursuit of
stability through institutional and political progress.
the Council must send a strong political message. The unanimous approval of
Resolution 1636 has done just that. But Brazil will not favor hasty decisions
that may lead to an undesirable escalation of this situation or further endanger
stability in the region.