Permanent Representative of Brazil to the UN
Security Council, New York, 03 June 2004
take this opportunity to heartily congratulate you on your assumption of the
Presidency of the Security Council and to wish you much success in your term as
our President. I extend compliments
to Ambassador Munir Akram for the very successful conduction of our work during
the month of May, which was characterized by a highly demanding agenda.
delegation welcomes both the presence and the important and encouraging
statement of the Chairman of the National Transitional Government of Liberia,
His Excellency Mr. Charles Gyude Bryant.
addition, I express appreciation to Special Representative Jacques Klein for
introducing the report of the Secretary-General and for the important work he
has been carrying out as Head of UNMIL.
delegation welcomes the progress so far achieved in the implementation of the
Comprehensive Peace Agreement signed at Accra, in August 2003.
present report lists a number of positive developments that have taken place
within the period under review: improved conditions for the delivery of
humanitarian assistance and for the beginning of national recovery;
establishment of an interim national police force; progress in judicial reform
and in the promotion of the rule of law throughout the country; empowerment of
the Cabinet of the NTG, as well as the appointment of a new National Elections
Commission and the development of legislation relating to the establishment of
an Independent National Human Rights Commission and a Truth and Reconciliation
has been central in providing adequate security conditions for the
implementation of the Accra Agreement. We
are very pleased to learn that UNMIL has successfully re-launched its DDRR
program and that, since December 2003, 58 % of the anticipated number of
combatants have been disarmed. It is particularly gratifying to know that an
intensive public-information program has decisively contributed to this result.
My delegation has always insisted on the relevance of public communication in
complex operations, in particular that of radio broadcasting.
the Secretary-General’s report also takes due note of the low number of
weapons being surrendered in the disarmament process.
We are concerned by information received from the Panel of Experts on
Liberia that arms trafficking has not been dismantled and that factions could
believe that the complete deployment of UNMIL, as well as cooperation among
peacekeeping operations in the region, can contribute to address this threat.
Furthermore, renewed efforts should be made to support ECOWAS in the
implementation of its moratorium on small arms or in its transformation into a
legally binding instrument.
a matter of fact, in the light of the discussion held by the Council last week
on ‘Complex Crises’, cooperation with ECOWAS in developing programs that
could have an immediate social impact in Liberia should also be envisaged by the
present, greater attention should be devoted to job generation activities –
through supporting both labor-intensive enterprises and individual economic
initiatives. Failure in providing
economic alternatives may damage current efforts in
this context, ECOSOC could have an important role to play in assisting the
management of economic recovery; the experience gained in Burundi and
Guinea-Bissau could be instrumental to this effect, as pointed out by its
President, Ambassador Marjatta Rasi, last Friday.
delegation welcomes the positive developments taking place as a result of the
adoption of a regional approach by UNMIL, UNAMSIL, UNOCI and the Support Office
in Guinea-Bissau in the implementation of their mandates. It is also heartening
to learn that the human rights situation in Liberia and access to humanitarian
assistance have improved since March. The continuous training of law enforcement
agents will contribute even further to that end.
closing, I would like to congratulate UNMIL and the National Transitional
Government for progress now being achieved in Liberia and to appeal to donor
countries to help the National Elections Commission in mobilizing material and
human resources needed for the holding of Presidential and Parliamentary
elections in October next year, as stipulated in the Comprehensive Peace
Agreement. The risks involved in postponing democratic elections would be too
high to be ignored.