Open Debate on UNMISET (Timor-Leste)
Statement by Ambassador Henrique Valle
Deputy Permanent Representative of Brazil to the UN
Security Council, New York, 24 August 2004

I thank Assistant Secretary-General Hedi Annabi for his thorough and objective presentation of the Secretary-Generalís report on UNMISET. My delegation welcomes the report and shares the Secretary- Generalís assessments regarding progress made in Timor-Leste towards self-sufficiency as well as his remarks about major challenges still to be overcome by the Timorese Government itself and by the international community and UNMISET in fulfilling their roles and living up to expectations.

This is a mid-term report and my delegation understands that we have good reasons to believe that the completion of UNMISETís mandate in Timor-Leste will proceed as smoothly as possible. We are pleased to acknowledge that there was an overall improvement of stability and of the security situation in the country, although smuggling, illegal trading and border crossing continue to be causes for concern.

We welcome the significant steps being taken for the countryís first elections since independence. Relevant progress has also been achieved in the areas of public administration and law enforcement. We believe that, with appropriate support by UNMISET, particularly by its civilian component, it should be possible to reach more positive results by May 2005.

Nonetheless, Mr. President, and in line with the Secretary- Generalís opinion, a series of pending issues will need to be addressed. The country will continue to be dependant on
international assistance in order to reach its development goals. Therefore, bilateral and multilateral support, in particular from financial international organizations, will be crucial for Timor-Lesteís future. We hope this support will continue and be properly managed, in full cooperation between timorese authorities and institutions and their international partners.

I am also pleased to acknowledge the Secretary-Generalís reference to the relationship between Timor-Lesteís own capacity to generate sufficient national income and the
development of sustainable national institutions, which will lead to stability and improved socio-economic conditions.

In this regard, Brazil hopes that bilateral negotiations between Australia and Timor-Leste on the maritime boundary, as well as negotiations with Indonesia regarding land boundaries, could soon be finalized in order to help the Timor-Leste Government, in the most effective way, to sustain stability and promote development.

Mr. President,

As far as the fight against impunity is concerned, we would encourage the international community to continue to provide support, particularly diplomatic and financial support, to
the improvement of the judicial system in Timor-Leste, as well as to the work of the Commission on Reception, Truth and Reconciliation. We consider it an essential part of any
process of democratic consolidation. The need to redress all cases of impunity and violations of human rights should not be limited to efforts, however praiseworthy, to act against
those who committed the most serious crimes in 1999.

All perpetrators of crimes and violations of human rights, be they serious or minor, need to be punished in a new state like Timor-Leste. My delegation takes this opportunity to
call on all parties concerned, inside and outside Timor- Leste, the donor community and human rights organizations, as well as the Governments of Dili and Jakarta, to make all
possible efforts to build a culture of respect for human rights in this new nation, which will provide a solid basis for a democratic state and accelerate its developing process.