Brazilian Intervention during the Open Briefing on African (Sudan) situation
Intervention by Ambassador Henrique Valle
Deputy Permanent Representative of Brazil to the UN
Security Council, New York, 24 September 2004

I welcome H. E. President Olusegun Obasanjo among us and thank him for addressing this Council, in his capacity of President of Nigeria and Chairman of the African Union. We
have been advocating in the Security Council that the African Union should be granted the opportunity to provide us with authoritative and accurate perspective on the challenges
ahead to achieve stability and development in Africa. We have been requesting that the African Union be invited to come to the Security Council. To my delegation, the historic and
cultural ties between Nigeria and Brazil confer even greater meaning to this occasion.

Mr. President,

We all agree that regional organizations are increasingly relevant in the overall international effort for peace and security. They may be even more effective, since they may be
in a better position to detect security threats, they have better knowledge of the root causes of conflict and they are necessarily more flexible. Since its creation only three years ago, the African Union has proven itself growingly capable of leading African countries in their efforts towards peace.

We wish to take this opportunity to thank the African Union for cooperating with this Council in bringing troops and observers to Burundi, Somalia and Sudan. Political initiatives to promote governance and stabilization have also been counting with active support of the AU. We cite the example of Côte d’Ivoire, where the Tripartite monitoring mechanism has brought together the AU, ECOWAS and the UN in efforts to have the benchmarks set up by Linas-Marcoussis prevail over conflict. Horizontal cooperation with ECOWAS and IGAD in the horn of Africa is ever more frequent. These initiatives translate into action the unequivocal
determination and the leadership of the African Union to the resolution of crises within its Continent.

Complementarities between the UN and regional organizations ought to be further developed and utilized. The cooperation with the African Union is thriving and we trust that the United Nations as well as its Member States individually will be forthcoming in making resources available, as well as technical assistance and logistical support to the African Union. Partnership is key in making African “ownership” viable.

Mr. President,

Brazil highly praises and welcomes the firm determination of the African Union to the resolution of the crisis in Darfur, which we understand as a laudable and timely act of African
ownership and leadership.

In the Council, the Brazilian delegation has made all possible efforts in order to ensure international support forthe African Union Mission in Darfur as well as to safeguard
its ownership and leading role in the search for a solution to the problems in that region.

Mr. President,

Let us not forget that preventive action and early warning are at the core of regional organizations'assets in dealing with conflicts. There must be innovative ways to work within
a logic of conflict-avoidance, committing ourselves to eradicating underdevelopment, under-education, poverty and hunger. This growing inter-relationship between security and
economic-social development means there should be a better coordination among the UN bodies, particularly between the Security Council and the Economic and Social Council, through Article 65 of the Charter. As President Lula stated as he opened the General Debate of the 59th General Assembly, only three days ago: “If we wish to eliminate violence, we must address its deep-rooted origins with the same resolve employed against the agents of hatred”.

We commend President Obasanjo and his African peers for the commitment to the advancement of NEPAD, in particular to the establishment of the conditions for sustainable development by ensuring sustainable peace and security in the whole Continent.