Brazil in the Security Council
Brazil in the Security Council Under the United Nations Charter, the Security Council has the primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security and the authority to determine “the existence of any threat to the peace, breach of the peace or act of aggression” (article 39). The Council decides which measures are to be adopted to face those threats, including the establishment of peacekeeping operations.
In 2010-2011, Brazil occupies a non-permanent seat in the Security Council for a two-year mandate. Along with Japan, Brazil has been elected more times to the Council than any other UN Member State. Brazil has previously served as an elected member of the Security Council in 1946-47, 1951-52, 1954-55, 1963-64, 1967-68, 1988-89, 1993-94, 1998-99 and 2004-05.
As founding member of the United Nations, Brazil has a long tradition of contributing to peacekeeping operations. In 1956, Brazilian troops were sent to the first United Nations Emergency Force in Suez (UNEF I).
Since then, Brazil has participated in 33 United Nations peacekeeping operations and contributed with over 27,000 troops. Nowadays, Brazil contributes with more than 2,200 troops, military observers and police officers in three continents. The largest contingent is in Haiti, where Brazilian generals have been charged with the military command of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) since 2004.
As a member of the Security Council, Brazil’s priorities include stability in Haiti, the situation of Guinea Bissau, peace in the Middle East, efforts towards disarmament, the promotion of respect for International Humanitarian Law, the strengthening of peacekeeping operations and an approach that links the preservation of security with the promotion of socioeconomic development.
Maria Luiza Ribeiro Viotti